Arctic 101 – Tool box

Photo credit: US Geological Survey via Flickr
Photo credit: US Geological Survey via Flickr

 written by Eleonora Milazzo – ACCEL European Fellow

The “Arctic” is conventionally defined as the land and marine areas extending north of the Arctic Circle (66°32’N), north of 62°N in Asia, and 60°N in North America. It also includes the marine areas north of the Aleutian chain, Hudson Bay, and parts of the North Atlantic Ocean, including the Labrador Sea.[1] This definition was adopted in the framework of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP) of the Arctic Council. The waters within the “AMAP area” are defined as the “marine Arctic”, while the Arctic Ocean is defined as the waters north of the Bering Strait and north of Greenland and Svalbard, excluding the Barents Sea.[2] This is not the Arctic’s only existing definition…

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